By: Jack Hoxley
Written: May 2000
For this feature we will be taking
the simple application that we created in the DirectSound Basics tutorial and
adding several features to it. There are four main things that we can change
on a sound buffer, all of which can be very useful:
- Frequency - the number
of hertz to play the sound at, at a simple level it appears to speed up/slow
down playback and/or make things high pitch/low pitch
- Panning - Make the
sound appear left or right (or any position in between) on a stereo set of
- Volume - Make the
sound louder or quieter
- Position - Change
the position in the current buffer.
There is one warning that I should
give you when using these modifiers - Dont over use them. Constantly changing
these values on a buffer will cause your program to slow down quite considerably;
Should you need to change them in time with an animation and/or a regular basis
(under a second) optimize it by making it change every third time, or every
Frequency can be one of the more amusing things to change on a buffer; Find
a sound file of someone talking, and keep changing the frequency randomly whilst
playing it - you'll see what I mean. One of the best uses I've seen for the
use of frequency is engine noises, racing cars speeding up and slowing down.
Frequency can be set whilst the sound is playing, and is done like so:
DSBFREQUENCY_MAX 'Maximum frequency
DsBuffer.SetFrequency DSBFREQUENCY_MIN 'Minimum
DsBuffer.SetFrequency DSBFREQUENCY_ORIGINAL 'Useful
for setting it back to normal after you messed it up!
DsBuffer.SetFrequency 3432 'Any numerical value
within the range....
The valid ranges for the frequency
are 100 to 100,000 although you're best advised to stay a little way in from
there; An old sound card of mine wouldn't play sounds below 6000Hz - why? I
have no idea...
This only effects people who have a set of stereo speakers, but you can
safely assume that everyone has these days. This is not to be confused with
3D sound effects; panning in this form is simply left to right and does
not include up/down or behind a person. Panning can be used to complement whats
being seen on screen, should a character be standing on the right speaking to
the player you could make the characters voice come form the right hand speaker.
Or, you could have two characters speaking to each other, one on the left and
one on the right - and use panning to seperate their voices.
DSBPAN_CENTER 'No Change
DsBuffer.SetPan DSBPAN_LEFT 'Complete Left
DsBuffer.SetPan DSBPAN_RIGHT 'Complete Right
DsBuffer.SetPan 1205 'Can substitute the above constants
for any value...
The valid ranges for panning
are -10,000 for full left, 0 for complete center and +10,000 for full right.
Volume is fairly obvious, if you dont know what this means I really think
you should learn it. Volume can be used for almost anything, from giving a certain
sound empthasis or making effects such as fade-in and fade-out.
these two do...
DsBuffer.SetVolume 5000 '50% volume
The valid volume settings are
not quite what you would expect; with 0 being maximum volume and -10,000 being
silence. Remember though, the volume can still be overridden by any external
controls on the speakers themselves.
Position setting can be very useful; as you may have noticed it is used when
stopping a sound - to reset it back to the beginning. One clever thing that
some people do is to compile all their sounds into one large Wav file, then
use this function to jump around to the relevent parts; personally I dont like
this method, but it is a viable option. SetPosition is one of the more complicated
methods of the four featured here; try this:
|Dim CurrPos as DSCURSORS
'Current position in bytes = CurrPos.lPlay
DsBuffer.SetCurrentPosition 1000 'Be careful not
to go past the end of the file - or you'll get errors.
The new position that you give
the buffer is based on the number of bytes through the buffer that you are.
If the sound is not playing, next time it starts it will begin from x
bytes into the buffer; if it is already playing it will jump to x bytes
into the buffer.
Download my sample program from
the top of this page, or from the downloads page.